applying floor coating on a concrete floor

Superior protection with the best floor coating

Floor coating serves as thin protective layers on existing floors and as thicker complete flooring systems. The most common floor coating for concrete on the market is polyurethane and epoxy based resin floor coatings which both come with unique properties. Wooden floors can also be coated, as we cover later in this article.

Floor coatings can be for many different purposes. Here are 5 examples of floor coating benefits:

  1. Cost efficient: Can postpone the need for a new floor, complete floor coating systems are durable and easy to maintain.
  2. Hygienic: The seamless layer prevents spread and growth of mould, bacteria and fungi.
  3. Decorative: Available in nearly all RAL colors and in finishes from ultra matt to high gloss.
  4. Applicable in every sector: There is a suitable floor coating for every environment.
  5. Functional additives: It is possible make floors anti slip or fire retardant by using the right additives.

There are floor coatings suitable for almost any floor, but how to determine which coating is the best for your project? In this article we will provide you with professional advice on choosing the right floor coating for a specified environment.

Choose the floor coating based on the purpose of the floor

As every environment is different, it is crucial to choose a floor coating that matches the requirements of your specific location. Industrial floors need to bear heavy loads, and commercial floors should feel fine to walk on. A few of the most important factors to consider include downtime during installation, hygiene requirements, presence of chemicals, and people or machines using the floor.

Industrial kitchens, for example, require a HACCP certified coating to meet strict hygiene standards. Where downtime is to be avoided a fast-laid solution, such as SolidLux Instant Coating, is an option to consider. Therefore, before you jump into looking for floor coating products you should define what is expected from the coated floor.

1. Protection and looks for wooden floors

applying floor coating on wooden floor

A wooden floor can be protected with floor coating like varnish, oil or lacquer.

Possible applications: residential and commercial interiors, terraces, decking
Coating: Oil, stain or lacquer

Oil, stain and lacquer are perfect solutions for protecting a wooden floor, such as parquet, while letting it retain its natural beauty. Oil is transparent and enhances the natural colors of wood. Stain is absorbed by the wood resulting in a light, semi transparent colored finish. Stains also provide protection from moisture and UV radiation, which makes them suitable for exterior wood such as decking. Lacquer provides a transparent high gloss film on wooden floors. There are also pigmented lacquers which provide the floor with an opaque color finish.

2. Mechanical and chemical resistance

Possible applications: Industrial floors, warehouses, parking garages, workspaces, factories
Coating: Epoxy floor coating

This floor coating is an extremely hard-wearing solution which relies on epoxy resins. The coatings result in a seamless surface resistant to liquids and dirt, which makes them easy to clean. Epoxy floors bear heavy mechanical loads and do not abrade as a result of foot or vehicle traffic.

3. Minimum downtime (+ mechanical and chemical resistance)

Possible applications: parking garages, factories, catering kitchens, museums, distribution centers
Coating: Instant floor coating
Instant floor coatings are innovative flooring solutions for floors that should be coated with the absolute minimum downtime. The instant floor coatings do not need time for drying, as they are cured by UV radiation. SolidLux Instant floor coating is the only such product on the US market at the moment.

4. Walking comfort for the crowd

Possible applications: museums, showrooms, public places, retail stores, offices or in the living room
Coating: Polyurethane (PU) floor coating

Polyurethane coatings are more flexible than epoxies, which makes them softer and more pleasant to walk on. These coatings are also known for their decorative properties; not only are they available in many colors but they also provide a high gloss finish. Also these coatings are easy to clean due to the fact that they are somewhat resistant to contaminants.

5. Meeting hygiene standards

Possible applications: food and dairy industry, canteens, catering establishments, swimming pools and health centers
Coating: HACCP floor coating

Floor coatings with an internationally recognised HACCP certificate contribute to a hygienic, anti bacterial environment; these coatings make sure that fungi and bacteria do not have a chance to attach to and grow on the floor. The HACCP floors are also highly resistant to contaminants and aggressive cleaning chemicals. In the US, HACCP products are mandatory for sectors that process food.

Make the floor coating a perfect match with a topcoat

Depending on the requirements for the floor, the coating can be complemented with a top coat that gives the floor additional properties. This is mainly to provide additional safety and protection. A top coat is suitable on any of the aforementioned coatings apart from the wooden floor coatings. However, the top coat must also meet the required standards: a restaurant floor still must be hygienic, a factory floor must not wear easily and a commercial floor should remain pleasant to walk on.

The functions a top coat may have include: anti slip for where additional grip is needed, fire resistance to minimise fire hazard, and anti static where electronic machines may cause short circuits. It is also possible to achieve a special effect with a top coat, for example luminous paint can be used to illuminate escape routes.

Note that if you are opting for a completely new flooring system, these properties can also be created by incorporating additives into the actual floor coating. In that case an additional top coat is  not needed.

Always opt for a tailored floor coating solution; provide the contractor with as many details as possible in order to achieve the most suitable floor coating. In case you need any consultancy in choosing a floor coating or you wish to reach suppliers of a specific coating, do not hesitate to contact us. We are happy to help!


What you need to know when applying floor coatings

Often a floor coating is by far the best flooring option, however, there are some disadvantages related to floor coatings and their application. Consider the following factors before applying floor coatings so you know what you are dealing with:

  • Scratch sensitive epoxy: Epoxy is a hard wearing and impact resistant coating, but it lacks scratch resistance. When epoxy is the coating to be used, it is wise to apply a polyurethane top coat to increase scratch resistance.
  • Application process is time consuming: A floor coating is an investment of your money and time. The application is a specialist job and can last several days, with some exceptions. If there is no time for application an instant coating is a good choice. Bear in mind that even instant coating requires a well prepared substrate.
  • Layer thickness and surface preparation: The thicker the floor coating layer, the more preparation the substrate requires. The usual requirements include a completely clean surface, even surface structure and proper use of primers. Unless you are looking for a self smoothing epoxy coating, which is also applicable on uneven and damaged concrete floors.
  • Pricing and durability: Thin film floor coatings are affordable, however, in the long-term they lack durability. Thicker layer floor coatings are very durable and do not require much maintenance, but they are more expensive in terms of material and application.

A peek into the floor coating prices and what you pay for

The floor coating price is usually calculated per square foot. If you want to request a quote for coating a floor, never forget to mention the surface. The following 5 factors influence the price of floor coating:

  1. The larger the surface, the lower the floor coating price per sq. ft: Small surfaces are usually relatively expensive to coat.
  2. Type of coating: Epoxy is generally cheaper than polyurethane. Different standards apply to HACCP and Solidlux.
  3. Pre-cleaning: Some surfaces, such as concrete, require intensive pre-cleaning and surface preparation.
  4. Moisture content on the surface: The moisture content of the substrate may not exceed 3% for optimum results.
  5. Cheap may turn out expensive: Ask carefully for the quality of raw materials, they determine the durability of the floor coating.

Get a specialist to apply floor coating in the US

So you have in mind to update a cold room with a hygienic HACCP coating, a parking garage with a fast-curing instant coating, a car showroom with a warm PU floor or something completely different. We at CoatingPaint.com are happy to offer our services to provide you with a floor coating solution. In cooperation with our coating partners we can make you a competitive proposal for both material and application of floor coatings.

Floor coating contractorAddressSectors served
Brilliant Epoxy Floors Inc.16099 N. 82nd St. #B11, Scottsdale, AZ 85260Industrial, commercial, residential
Epoxy Technology Coatings16516 El Camino Real #161, Houston, TX 77062Residential, commercial
Epoxy Floors Houston19018 Hamish Rd, Tomball, TX 77377Residential, commercial
Arizona Polymer Flooring4565 W Watkins St, Phoenix, AZ 85043Industrial
Plexi-Chemie Inc606-6 Lane Avenue North – Jacksonville, FL 32254Industrial

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