Types of coating
There are many types of coating available today, from fire resistant, to antimicrobial, to anti-slip. Coating can be divided by type, but also by market segment. The main coating segments are described below.
The largest of the coating markets, architectural coatings — including consumer paints — make up more than half of the total volume of coatings produced annually in the United States. In 2015, the industry shipped more than $11.2 billion of architectural coatings.
These products are used to beautify and maintain the surfaces of homes, public buildings, offices and factories. About half are applied by “do-it-yourself” consumers, who recognize that paint is the most versatile, least costly and easiest to use of all home decorating products.
Coatings applied at the time of manufacture of products are known as industrial coatings. In 2015, $7.8 billion of industrial coatings were sold to customer industries.
Special purpose coating
This industry segment includes a wide array of coatings. The one unifying characteristic is that these coatings tend to be “field-applied,” as opposed to being applied in a factory setting. In 2015, industry shipped $5.6 billion of special purpose coatings.
Special purpose coatings represent the smallest of the three major classifications of coatings. This segment can be divided into the following major sub-segments:
• Automotive Refinish Coatings is the largest sub-segment, with a value of $2 billion in 2014.
• Industrial Maintenance Coatings is the second largest sub-segment, with a value of $1.3 billion in 2014.
• Traffic Marking Paint, used on roadways, parking lots and airport surfaces, had a value of $454 million in 2014.
• Marine Paints, including both OEM (original equipment manufacturer) and refinish applications, had a value of $400 million in 2014.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau Current Industrial Report MA 325F